Computerwissenschaften

JavaFX: BorderPane-Beispielprogramm

Java Code

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Dieser JavaFX- Beispielcode zeigt, wie das BorderPaneLayout verwendet wird. Die JavaFX-Szene besteht aus einem, VBoxdas das a HBoxund das enthält BorderPane. In jeder der fünf Regionen der wird ein JavaFX-Label platziert BorderPane. A Buttonund ChoiceBoxkann verwendet werden, um die Beschriftung für eine bestimmte Region anzuzeigen. Wenn ein Etikett angezeigt wird, wird das vorherige Etikett unsichtbar gemacht.

Der Artikel zu diesem Beispielprogramm ist BorderPane Overview .

Beispiel

import javafx.application.Application; import javafx.event.ActionEvent; import javafx.event.EventHandler; import javafx.geometry.Pos; import javafx.scene.Scene; import javafx.scene.control.Label; import javafx.scene.control.ChoiceBox; import javafx.scene.control.Button; import javafx.scene.layout.BorderPane; import javafx.scene.layout.VBox; import javafx.scene.layout.HBox; import javafx.stage.Stage; public class BorderPaneExample extends Application { //Declare label controls for the different BorderPane areas final Label topLabel=new Label("Top Pane"); final Label leftLabel=new Label("Left Pane"); final Label rightLabel=new Label("Right Pane"); final Label centerLabel=new Label("Center Pane"); final Label bottomLabel=new Label("Bottom Pane"); @Override public void start(Stage primaryStage) { //The scene will have a VBox containing //a HBox and a BorderPabe VBox root=new VBox(10); HBox showControls=new HBox(10); final BorderPane controlLayout=new BorderPane(); //Set the size of the BorderPane and show its borders //by making them black controlLayout.setPrefSize(600,400); controlLayout.setStyle("-fx-border-color: black;"); //Call the setLabelVisible method which sets one label to be visible //and the others to be hidden setLabelVisible("Top");  //Put each label in its correponding BorderPane area controlLayout.setTop(topLabel); controlLayout.setLeft(leftLabel); controlLayout.setRight(rightLabel); controlLayout.setCenter(centerLabel); controlLayout.setBottom(bottomLabel); //Align the labels to be in the center of their BorderPane //area controlLayout.setAlignment(topLabel, Pos.CENTER); controlLayout.setAlignment(centerLabel, Pos.CENTER); controlLayout.setAlignment(bottomLabel, Pos.CENTER); //Create a ChoiceBox to hold the BorderPane area names final ChoiceBox panes=new ChoiceBox(); panes.getItems().addAll("Top", "Left", "Right", "Center", "Bottom"); panes.setValue("Top"); //Create a button to trigger which label is visible Button moveBut=new Button("Show Pane"); moveBut.setOnAction(new EventHandler() { @Override public void handle(ActionEvent arg0) { //Call the setLabelVisible method to set the //correct label to be visible based on the //value of the ChoiceBox setLabelVisible(panes.getValue().toString()); } }); //Add the Button and ChoiceBox to the HBox showControls.getChildren().add(moveBut); showControls.getChildren().add(panes); //Add the HBox and BorderPane to the VBOx root.getChildren().add(showControls); root.getChildren().add(controlLayout); Scene scene=new Scene(root, 600, 500); primaryStage.setTitle("BorderPane Layout Example"); primaryStage.setScene(scene); primaryStage.show(); } //A simple method which changes the visibility of the //labels depending on the string passed public void setLabelVisible(String labelName) { switch (labelName){ case "Top": topLabel.setVisible(true); leftLabel.setVisible(false); rightLabel.setVisible(false); centerLabel.setVisible(false); bottomLabel.setVisible(false); break; case "Left": topLabel.setVisible(false); leftLabel.setVisible(true); rightLabel.setVisible(false); centerLabel.setVisible(false); bottomLabel.setVisible(false); break; case "Right": topLabel.setVisible(false); leftLabel.setVisible(false); rightLabel.setVisible(true); centerLabel.setVisible(false); bottomLabel.setVisible(false); break; case "Center": topLabel.setVisible(false); leftLabel.setVisible(false); rightLabel.setVisible(false); centerLabel.setVisible(true); bottomLabel.setVisible(false); break; case "Bottom": topLabel.setVisible(false); leftLabel.setVisible(false); rightLabel.setVisible(false); centerLabel.setVisible(false); bottomLabel.setVisible(true); break; default: break; }; } /** * The main() method is ignored in correctly deployed JavaFX application. * main() serves only as fallback in case the application can not be * launched through deployment artifacts, e.g., in IDEs with limited FX * support. NetBeans ignores main(). * * @param args the command line arguments */ public static void main(String[] args) { launch(args); } }

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